Conflict Chronology

  • December 2010. EU confirms Montenegro as a candidate country for membership.
  • July 2016. Start of the study concerning the protection and establishment of a protected area in the territory of Sinjajevina, by the Environmental Protection Agency of Montenegro, co-funded by the EU. 
  • June 2017. Montenegro officially joins NATO as a member state.
  • March 2018. First unofficial news about the plans for a military camp reach local communities.
  • March 2018. One week later, the daily newspaper “Dan” reports that the Ministry of Defense (MoD) and the Army of Montenegro (VCG) were planning to destroy surplus weapons and ammunition on Mount Sinjajevina.
  • April 2018. The Environmental Protection Agency of Montenegro presents the EU co-founded study concluding that a Regional Natural Park for Sinjajevina should be created, including a special protection zone.
  • May 2019. Significant public demonstrations in the highlands of Sinjajevina, opposing its militarization.
  • 21 July 2019. Following a second protest on Sinjajevina, different environmental organizations that had been fighting for ecology in Montenegro for two decades, establish the Coalition for Sustainable Development (KOR) that becomes the biggest environmental organization in Montenegro.
  • 5 August 2019. More than 3.000 signatures of Montenegrin citizens are collected in favor of stopping the military camp, the minimum necessary for the Montenegrin Parliament to accept an issue into debate.
  • 20 August 2019. A representative of the European Party of the Greens makes an official visit to Sinjajevina (See the video in the Montenegrin newspaper here).
  • 5 September 2019. After ignoring the petition signed by over 3.000 Montenegrins and with no particular allegations, the Government decrees unilaterally on the creation of a military training ground in Sinjajevina.
  • 20 September 2019. The Sustainable Development Coalition (KOR) organized a new protest in Podgorica (capital of Montenegro) for the annulation of this decree.
  • 27 September 2019. The1st international NATO military training is held in Sinjajevina. Montenegrin Government begins military maneuvers and weapons testing in the heart of the pasturelands. No prior consulting process with pastoral communities.
  • October 2019 – Soldiers plant 3.000 aggressive fast-growth conifers in the pastures of Sinjajevina and promise 100.000 more with the apparent intention to “greenwash” the military polygon plan. The choice of these fast growing conifers would, in fact, effectively serve as a natural barrier and a way to pressure, limit, or expel the pastoralists from the lands and would work against the conservation of the present rich biodiversity as it is pastoralist dependent.
  • 18 November 2019. An international scientific research team presents its works to UNESCO, the European Parliament, and the European Commission, explaining the millenary bio-cultural value of Sinjajevina and the current social and environmental crisis.
  • 24-26 February 2020. A delegation from the EU Parliament visited Podgorica, Montenegro’s capital, to evaluate the evolution of the converging commitments of the Montenegrin Government and the EU and asks nation’s parliament to guarantee protection of Sinjajevina’s lands and culture.  

About Us

Sinjajevina.org is born from a group of scientists, NGOs, farmers, politicians and ordinary citizens that, in favor of the protection of Sinjajevina, wish to provide as much information as possible, for the public recognition of Sinjajevina’s heritage and the current major crisis it is undergoing.

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